- Queen c.1202-1200 BC.
Tewosret was the chief queen of Sethos II and bore the heir apparent, but this son died prematurely and it was the child of another queen, Tio, who succeeded Sethos II on the throne. The young king (named Ramesses-Siptah) was probably chosen by Chancellor Bay, the Syrian courtier who wielded great influence, and he may have forced this decision on Queen Tewosret, for she and Bay briefly acted as regents for *Siptah.By Year 6 of his reign, *Siptah was dead, and Tewosret seized power for herself, assuming the full kingly titles. She was only the fourth woman in Egypt's history to take control of the country as a queen regnant. She ruled briefly for two years and left a funerary monument to the south of the Ramesseum at Thebes; she was buried in a tomb in the Valley of the Kings at Thebes, an honour previously bestowed on only one woman—Queen *Hatshepsut. Her successor Setnakht (whose origins are unknown) apparently seized her tomb and destroyed the queen's mummy, although her funerary jewellery had already been removed to a place of safety, where it was discovered by Theodore Davis.When Tewosret's reign ended, the line of direct descendants of *Ramesses II ceased to rule Egypt.BIBL. Von Beckerath, J. Queen Tewosre as guardian of Siptah. JEA 48 (1962) pp. 70 ff; Gardiner, A.H. Only one King Siptah and Twosre not his wife. JEA 44 (1958) pp. 12 ff; Gardiner, A.H. The tomb of Queen Twosre. JEA 40 (1954) pp. 40 ff.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David* * *(reigned c. 1190–189 BC)Throne name Sitre. Wife of Sety II and stepmother of his successor, Siptah. She remained a powerful figure at court and may have benefited from the execution of the king’s protector, Bay. Upon the death of the king, she took the throne and counted her regnal years from the death of her husband. She was apparently overthrown by Sethnakhte. She prepared tomb KV14 in the Valley of the Kings for her burial, but it was taken over by Sethnakhte. Her mummy has not been securely identified. Her mortuary temple at Thebes, excavated by Flinders Petriein 1896,has not been preserved apart from some foundation deposits. In 2006, an American expedition began a reinvestigation of the site.Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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Siptah — King c.1209 1200 BC. Siptah was probably the son of Sethos II and his third wife, Tio, although his parentage is uncertain. The heir apparent Sethos II s son by *Tewosret died before his accession, and Siptah became king; as he was still a… … Ancient Egypt
Bay — (fl. 1196 BC) Ruler of the throne at the end of Dynasty 19. He claims to have arranged the succession of Siptah after the death of Sety II. Egyptian inscriptions give him the title of chancellor, but a text from Ugarit calls him commander of… … Ancient Egypt
Sethnakhte — (reigned c. 1189–1184 BC) Throne name Userkhaure. Founder of Dynasty 20 of unknown origin. He overthrew the rule of Tewosret and claimed to have restored the land from the chaos that Bay had left when he fled the country. Arecently discovered… … Ancient Egypt
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE — PREDYNASTIC PERIOD (c.5000 3100 BC) Scorpion before 3100 BC UNIFICATION OF EGYPT (c.3100 BC) ARCHAIC PERIOD First Dynasty c.3100 2890 BC Narmer (Menes) c.3100 ? BC Aha c.3070 BC Djer c.3042 2995 BC Den c.2985 2930… … Ancient Egypt
Chronology — The ancient Egyptian calendar consisted of a year of 360 days divided into the three seasons akhet (flood), peret (sowing) and shemu (harvest), plus five extra days at the end of the year. Each season was comprised of four months of 30 days… … Ancient Egypt
DYNASTY: New Kingdom — C. 1550–1069 BC Eighteenth Dynasty c. 1550–1295 BC Nebpehtyre Ahmose I 1550–1525 BC Djeserkare Amenhotep I 1525–1504 BC Aakheperkare Thutmose I 1504–1492 BC Aakheperenre Thutmose II 1492–1479 BC Maatkare Hatshepsut 1472–1458 BC Menkheperre… … Ancient Egypt
KV14 — The tomb of Sethnakhte of Dynasty 20 in the Valley of the Kings. It was originally built for Queen Tewosret and possibly her husband, Sety II, but taken over by Sethnakhte. It has stood open since antiquity. There is a record of work on the… … Ancient Egypt
KV56 — An undecorated single chamber tomb in the Valley of the Kings known as the Gold Tomb. It was discovered by Edward Ayrton in January 1906. Gold and silver jewelry was recovered bearing the names Sety II and Queen Tewosret. It has been… … Ancient Egypt
Sethos II — see Merneptah, Siptah, Tewosret. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David … Ancient Egypt
Setnakhte — see Ramesses III, Tewosret. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David … Ancient Egypt